The continent of Europe is a land filled with history & prehistory. In this article, you will know about the top 10 historical places to visit in Europe.
A combination of 50 countries, Europe is a hub of cultural diversity and history. It is therefore important for the present generation to visit historical places to acknowledge how present-day Europe came into being.
Ancient ruins, medieval castles, architectural wonders, museums, cities of innovation and tradition, Europe has them all.
The Top 10 Historical Places to Visit in Europe are
Leaning Tower Of Pisa in Italy
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a popular historic building in Italy. It is located in the town of Pisa in the Tuscany region of Italy. The fact that the tower leans to the side fascinates everyone. It was supposed to be straight, but it started leaning when it was being built a long time ago.
The tower is about 60 meters tall and used to lean at a 10-degree angle. It’s part of a place called the Square of Miracles, which has other historical buildings such as a cathedral and a baptistery. Though the construction was started in 1173, it took almost 200 years to finish because of wars.
The tower is made of white marble and has 8 floors with columns and arches. Inside, there’s a spiral staircase with 297 steps that goes to the top. The tower isn’t straight at the top either; it curves a bit. For a while, tourists couldn’t go up the stairs because the tower needed fixing. But now, they can enjoy the unique Leaning Tower of Pisa and its history.
Dolmabahce Palace in Turkey
The Dolmabahce Palace is in the country Turkey, also known as Türkiye. Did you know Turkey is in Eurasia? Turkey is among the five other countries in the world that are both in Europe and Asia. However, the Dolmbahce Palace lies in the district of Besiktas in the European part of Turkey.
The palace is a testament to the history of Ottoman Culture and its opulent architecture. It served as the administrative centre of the late Ottoman Empire. The last six sultans of the previous Ottoman Empire lived in the Dolmabahce Palace.
A Dolmabahce Palace tour will mesmerize you with the highly decorated ceilings and shimmering chandeliers. The largest chandelier in the world showcased at the palace was gifted by Queen Victoria.
The place is situated at the backdrop of the beautiful Bosphorus Strait. The palace location was once a Bay used for the anchorage of the Ottoman Fleet. It is the largest place in the entire country. A visit here is an enchanting journey into Turkey’s imperial past.
Eiffel Tower in France
The Eiffel Tower is perhaps one of the favourite tourist spots all over the world. Be it in films, series or social media, it is everywhere for you to attract you to visit France. The tower is located in Paris, the city of love. The tower is named after its creator Gustave Eiffel who was a French Civil Engineer.
A symbol of France’s artistic and cultural prowess, the Eiffel Tower exudes a magnetic charm that transcends time. The height of the Eiffel Tower is 165 metres. The construction of the tower was completed in the month of March 1889.
The panoramic view of Paris, Dining Options and the night view of the tower will amaze you in every way.
St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City
St. Peter’s Basilica is a very important church for Christians. It is located in the country of Vatican City. It’s one of the biggest churches globally and has a lot of history. It was built between 1506 and 1626 and is named after Saint Peter, who was a close follower of Jesus. Inside the basilica, there are beautiful artworks like sculptures and a big dome that many other buildings copied. Visitors can climb the dome to see a great view of the city.
If you’re going to St. Peter’s Basilica, it’s a good idea to take a guided tour. This helps you skip long lines and see important places like the Vatican Museums and the Sistine Chapel. The basilica is open at different times of the year, and there’s a fee to go up the dome. You can get to the basilica easily by using the metro. It’s a special place in Rome that many people like to visit.
Tower of London in the United Kingdom
The Tower of London is located in United Kingdom’s London beside the River Thames. This historic castle, built in 1066 after the Norman Conquest, has seen many years of history unfold. The White Tower, created by William the Conqueror, became a symbol of the new rulers’ authority. As time went on, the castle grew with the reigns of different kings, like Richard I and Edward I.
Throughout its existence, the Tower of London has held treasures, served as a royal residence, and even kept the Crown Jewels safe. People often fought to control it, as it was tied to controlling the country. Notably, it also became a place of imprisonment for those who fell out of favour, giving rise to the phrase “sent to the Tower.” Even though people associate it with punishment and death, not many were executed there.
Today, the Tower of London remains a special place, cherished for its history. After repairs following World War II, it became a popular spot for visitors. Managed by Historic Royal Palaces, guarded by the Yeomen Warders, and overseen by the Constable of the Tower, it’s now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. People from all over come to explore its past, marvel at the Crown Jewels, and connect with the stories that have shaped England’s journey through time.
The Colosseum in Vatican City
The Colosseum, a famous representation of Ancient Rome, serves as evidence of the impressive nature of the Roman Empire. This enormous amphitheatre held battles between gladiators, displays of hunting wild animals, and events for the public to enjoy.
When you stroll along its aged passages, you can almost imagine the sounds of history. Admire the clever design of this two-millennia-old building, which still stands as one of Europe’s most popular historical destinations.
Acropolis of Athens in Greece
The Acropolis is a revered heart of ancient Athens in Greece! This sacred site, dedicated mainly to the goddess Athena, rises proudly above the city on a rocky hill. It’s a hub of myths, festivals, and historic moments for Athens. The impressive structures here, blending various styles of Classical art, have influenced culture for ages.
The Acropolis has deep roots, inhabited since ancient times. It became important in the 8th century BC with Athena Polias’ cult. The mid-5th century BC saw a transformation led by Perikles, resulting in the stunning Parthenon, Propylaia, Erechtheion, and temple of Athena Nike. These monuments showcased Athens’ devotion and splendour. Over time, the Acropolis faced challenges but stood strong.
Despite changes, the Acropolis remains a symbol of Athens’ resilience. It’s been restored and protected by the Greek state. Let’s appreciate its enduring legacy as a window into the past. Join me in cherishing these historic treasures as we explore further.
Stonehenge in England
Uncover the fascinating tale of one of the world’s most renowned sites, Stonehenge. This remarkable monument showcases human creativity and skill and is a must-see destination for all. With a history dating back 4,000 years, it offers a glimpse into the lives of ancient people through its Stone Circle and Neolithic houses.
At the heart of Stonehenge lies its iconic Stone Circle, an engineering marvel from the Neolithic period. Visitors can experience the ancient way of life by exploring the Neolithic houses on the grounds. The exhibition, featuring a lifelike representation of a 5,000-year-old man, provides deeper insights into the monument’s history.
For a hands-on experience, try moving the massive Sarsen stones in the Neolithic village. Of course, capturing the perfect photo with the Stone Circle is a must. The site continues to evolve with the addition of the “Circles of Stone: Stonehenge and Prehistoric Japan” exhibition, which draws connections between Stonehenge and Japan’s ancient monuments. From families to history enthusiasts, Stonehenge promises an unforgettable journey into the past.
The Louvre Museum in France
The Louvre Museum in Paris of France is a famous landmark, located near the Seine River. It’s one of the world’s biggest and most popular museums, with around 380,000 objects. The museum is in the Louvre Palace, which was originally built as a fortress. Over time, it became a place to display the royal collection. It opened as a museum in 1793 during the French Revolution.
The museum has different departments that focus on various types of art. One department has ancient Egyptian items, like statues and tools, dating back to 4000 BC. Another department shows artefacts from the Near East before Islam, such as the Code of Hammurabi. There’s also a collection of sculptures and paintings, including famous works like the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci.
The Louvre is well-known for its rich history, diverse art collection, and famous pieces. It’s a place where people from all over the world can see and learn about art and history.
Versailles Palace in France
The Palace of Versailles, a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1979, is a remarkable 17th-century French art achievement. Originally a hunting pavilion by Louis XIII, it grew into a grand palace under Louis XIV, housing the royal Court in 1682. Subsequent kings added to it until the French Revolution. It covers 63,154 sq. meters with 2,300 rooms.
After the revolution, it stopped being a royal home. Louis XVI left in 1789. In the 19th century, Louis-Philippe turned it into the Museum of the History of France, showcasing important events and figures. Pierre de Nolhac’s work in the 20th century restored its historical look.
Unlike a medieval fortress, Versailles was a luxurious countryside “chateau,” not a city “palais.” It evolved from a village to a key urban piece, yet kept some rural aspects like gardens bordering forests and fields.
Have you added the Leaning Tower Of Pisa, Dolmabahce Palace, Eiffel Tower, St. Peter’s Basilica, Tower of London, The Colosseum, Acropolis of Athens, Stonehenge, The Louvre Paris and Versailles Palace to your list of Historical Places to visit? If not all, don’t forget to explore historical places in other countries of Europe too.