Cuisine Art of Assamese Communities : At a glance.

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Well, all of us have a lot of time to think at the moment to look forward and possibly plan future visits to hilly terrains or some of you might have already enlisted Assam on your list.

The inspiration to explore this region called the Gateway to the Northeast might be the visual treat compiled of a lush forest, emerald green hills, ever-running streams and myriad flowers of the gorgeous meadows.

However, other than natural scenic beauty, Assam treasures the vividity of communities, religions, culture and food.

Among the Seven Sisters of North East India, Assam has a lot to be explored too. “Food” is one of the sole factors that will help your choice in this ‘inspiration time’.

Assamese Cuisines | 8 Ethnic Resturaunts in Guwahati
Traditional Cuisines of Assam.


Assam Traditional Food Source: @assamesecuisine


Here are some exemplary Assam food cuisines preparations which might get you all mouth-watery and hungry at the sight of these delicacies:

Cuisines of all the communities in Assam have a wide range of Jolpaan i.e. instant breakfast cereals, and processed products that don’t need any preparations before serving. ‘Sandaguri‘ (সান্দহ গুড়ি) (Roasted Parboiled Rice flour), a typical roasted cereal served with milk makes it appetizing for all age groups.

Dish: Assamese soft rice, flattened rice, handoh, hurum, puffed rice, curd, cream & jaggery
Dish: Assamese soft rice, flattened rice, handoh, hurum, puffed rice, curd, cream & jaggery Source: @pakghar_thekitchen

Kumal Chaul’ (Soft Rice), the most relished Jolpaan basically made from a special variety of rice i.e. Chokwa Rice traditionally eaten with sugar or jaggery, milk or curd and also eaten as a savoury item with mashed potato, soaked Bengal gram, groundnut, salt with mustard oil, chopped onion, ginger so on. Pithaguri (roasted rice flour), Bhajachaul, Hurum, Aakhoi, Muri (puffed rice) and Bhat pitha (Extruded Rice flour preparations) etc. are some of the traditional Jolpaans of Assamese cuisine.

Dish: Aakhoi
Dish: Hurum

This preparation of Jolpaan as the primary dish is served during traditional or religious festivities with varieties of Pithas and coconut or black sesame Ladoos. Any voyage crossing through the grubs of Assam would be incomplete without the infamously famous Assamese snack, “Pitha”, a medley of ground rice with sugar, jaggery or salt which is then fried or roasted or prepared within the bamboo stem. My personal favourite is always the sweeter variants like the Ghila Pitha with jaggery or Narikal pithas (coconut stuffed pitha).

For an Assamese, the best breakfast or evening snack ever imagined will be with Assam tea known as Saah, rich and highly flavoured consumed with milk or as red tea. One must try the exotic variety of natural tea “Phalap”(Smoked tea) brewed exclusively by the Singpho community credits to the discovery of tea in Assam while you visit the upper region of the state.

Dish: Til pitha, Narikol Ladoo, Ghila Pitha, Sira, Curd, Jaggery- A Bihu essential. Source: @pakghar_thekitchen
Dish: Phalap (smoked tea) Source: @assamesecusine


Assamese cuisine is known for the use of simple ingredients, “Bhat Maas” (Rice with Fish) customary dish signifying rice to staple and fish in any form is highly culled food. It’s obvious some resemblance can be seen with Bengali delicacies but our preparations totally vary from theirs.

A traditional meal in Assam cuisine begins with a ‘khar‘ (an alkaline preparation) and ends with ‘tenga‘ (a sour dish).’Khar‘ is usually a starter to the main meals cooked with different vegetables and greens such as papaya, ash gourd, radish, leafy veggies, and pulses with soda and alkali made at home from banana peels. In khar, one can get the aroma of natural herbs, and sweet and tangy flavours in it.

Dish: Bhat Maas Source: @assamesecuisine

Coming to the Main course of Assamese cuisine, which not only satiates the taste buds but the soul of our community. First and foremost, favourite of all, Pointa Bhat (water rice) especially eaten during the summer season i.e. cooked rice soaked overnight for mild fermentation then garnished with mustard oil, onion, chilli, Aaloo pitika (boiled mashed potato) or Poora Maasor Pitika (mashed roasted fish) or Kochu Bhaji (colocasia stir-fry).

Dish: Pointa Bhat Source: @assamesecuisine
Dish: Pura Masor Pitika | Flaked smoked fish mixed with onions coriander leaves, lemon juice and mustard oil Source: @assamesecuisine
Dish: কলদিল ভাজি |Banana blossom(flower) fry Source: @letscooksimply

Among the many Assamese Cuisine, Tupula Bhat (Sticky rice cooked in koupat i.e. Pyrnium leaf) is generally consumed by the Singpho, Ahom, Mising and Deuri tribes with side dishes Mati Mahor dail (Black Gram Dal), Guti aloo fry (baby potatoes fry), Posolar bhaji (Plantain Stem Stir Fry), Gahori Mangsor Jhul (Pork Curry) etc.

Dish: Tupula Bhaat Source: @namadic_solo
Dish: Tupula Bhaat Source: @assamesecuisine
Dish: Posolar bhaji | Plantain Stem Stir Fry
Dish: Gahori Mangsor Jhul (Pork Curry) Source: @michinga18

Kharisa diya Jiya Maasor Torkari (Fish Curry with Bamboo Shoots) and Sukan Maas Pithaguri jhool (Dry Fish rice flour curry) is a well-liked dishes of both tribal and non-tribal with steamed rice. A special dish- Sewadiya bhat (steamed sticky Bora rice) with Kumuradiya Hanhor mangso (ash gourd and duck meat curry) culinary speciality of the Ahom community. Amroli Paruah Tup fry is one of the authentic Ahom traditional food. Ahoms love to eat during the Bohaag month of the Assamese calendar.

Suggested Read: The 101 herbs that define the essence of Rongali Bihu Celebration

Dish: Kharisa diya Jiya Maasor Torkari| Fish Curry with Bamboo Shoots Source: @gogoi_juihal
Dish: Kumuradiya Hanhor mangso | Ash gourd and duck meat curry Source: Himadri Das (Youtube)
Dish: Amroli Paruah Tup fry (ahom food) Source: @kakoli_talukdargogoi

Just like in other states, Chicken, Fish and Pork items are mandated and prepared with traditional cooking methods such as Patotdiya in which vegetables, roots or tubers and meat are wrapped in banana or other leaves and then grilled or roasted on the fire. Khorikatdiya, another method of cooking is used to barbeque meat on bamboo skewers and served as a side dish in the main course platter of Assamese cuisine. One of the famous cuisines of the Rabha community is Pona Bhat (Bora Rice) with Than Hamukor Aanja (snail curry). Letar Bhaji (larvae fry) as a side dish is also preferred by numerous tribes and it is quite crispy and crunchy to eat.

Dish: Patot diya Bahu-mass ! (Fish(Bahu) wrapped in Banana leaves and pan grilled) – Ahom Tribe Food Source: @assamesefusionfood
Dish: Khorikatdiya Photo: Sanchita
Dish: Hamukor Aanja (snail curry)
Polu Leta Dish - Assamese Cuisine
Dish: Letar Bhaji | Larvae fry

Meanwhile, hot-spicy chutneys are commonly used as an accompaniment with meals by the indie population. Tilor Chutney (Sesame chutney), Maan Dhaniya Pator Chutney prepared with Eryngo, Culantro with coriander leaves, Ou Tengar Chutney (elephant apple chutney) which can also be cooked with Puthi Maas (Ticto Barb fish) as curry served with rice. Crab is also popular among the Rabhas, Bodos, Tiwas, Morans, Muttocks and Sonowal Kacharis, which is prepared into chutney i.e Kekura Podinar Chutney and also cooked to curry.

Dish: Maan Dhaniya Pator Chutney
Dish: Crab Chutney Source: Madhumita Phukan
Dish: Ou Tengar Chutney elephant apple chutney Source: @assam_kitchen


However, most of us almost out of reflex start hunting for something sweet after every meal, Kola Chaul and Bora Chaulor Payas (Black rice and Bora rice pudding) are the classic desserts served after the main course consisting of boiled rice with milk added sugar and cardamoms, nuts or raisins to enhance the flavour. Assam, a place which has the sweetest desserts ranging from Poka Mithoi (roasted rice-flour ladoos) to Komolar Kheer (orange kheer) or even people and its cultures are profoundly captivating.

Dish: Bora Chaulor Payas| Black rice pudding Source: @assamesecuisine
Dish: Poka Mithoi | Roasted rice-flour ladoos
Dish: Komolar Kheer | Orange kheer


Some of the finest credible food joints across Guwahati city you would love to experience these ethnic delicacies of Assamese cuisine are-

1. PARADISE (Casual dining) – GNB Road.

2. GAM’S DELICACY – Ganeshguri.



5. ORDAB, THE BODO KITCHEN – Rajgarh Link Road, Sarania Hills.

6. TAI SINGPHO – Bamunimaidan.

7. MISHING KITCHEN– Hengrabari Road.

8. HALANGSHI – Bamunimaidan.

Although, this is not all of the amazing traditional Assamese cuisines mentioned here, an endless list of items is yet to be the talk of the place. So, on your next visit to Assam, you should definitely try out these basic delicacies.

I hope my blog has provided imperative information and enlightened you about Assam and its food culture.

Assamese Cuisine. Restaurants in Guwahati, Assam
Assamese Cuisine


Photo of author
Sanchita Saikia is a doctoral fellow at Jain University in Bengaluru, India.

2 thoughts on “Cuisine Art of Assamese Communities : At a glance.”

  1. বহুত বচৰ হৈ গল অহমৰ পৰা দূৰত আছু ব্লগটু চাই ইমান ভাল লাগিল !

    • Pronam Simontika,

      Muru bhal lagil jani apuni pohi bhal pale. Sanchita khadyo r uporot likhi bhal pai. Akou jodi likhe moi jonam baru. Notuba apuni email di subscribe kori diok blog tu (homepage t ase form khon), tetia maje maje Axomor aru Northeast r thai r logote khadyo r uporotu updates pothabo parim.


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